Implement the Array.prototype.reduce method by hand.

function reduce(arr, reduceCallback, initialValue) {
  // First, we check if the parameters passed are right.
  if (!Array.isArray(arr) || !arr.length || typeof reduceCallback !== 'function') 
    return [];
  } else {
    // If no initialValue has been passed to the function we're gonna use the 
    let hasInitialValue = initialValue !== undefined;
    let value = hasInitialValue ? initialValue : arr[0];
    // first array item as the initialValue

    // Then we're gonna start looping at index 1 if there is no 
    // initialValue has been passed to the function else we start at 0 if 
    // there is an initialValue.
    for (let i = hasInitialValue ? 0 : 1, len = arr.length; i < len; i++) {
      // Then for every iteration we assign the result of the 
      // reduceCallback to the variable value.
      value = reduceCallback(value, arr[i], i, arr); 
    return value;

As the MDN description of the Array.prototype.reduce method.

The reduce() method executes a reducer function (that you provide) on each element of the array, resulting in a single output value.